Bendery Military Historical Memorial Complex
Bendery Military Historical Memorial Complex was opened on October 7, 2008. It was erected on the site of an old military cemetery where the remains of many soldiers of the Russian Imperial Army who were killed in the wars of the 18th – 20th centuries were buried.
There was a military hospital nearby in the early 19th century, next to which a place was determined for burial of the fallen that later officially became a military cemetery. At the beginning of the 20th century the cemetery was fenced and had a high stone gate. In the post-war period the cemetery was boxed in urban development and came to desolation. In accordance with the Decree of the President of the PMR I.N. Smirnov dated November 8, 2006, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the PMR began restoration and construction of a military and historical memorial in its place.
At the very beginning of the construction, with the support of the Turaspol-Dubossary diocese, a massive cross of black granite was erected in the center of the future memorial as a symbol of faith and repose for all who are buried there.
In the summer of 2007, they laid foundation of the stone Сhapel of the Icon-Bearing Image of Jesus Christ, and in the autumn – of the colonnade of the main entrance to the necropolis.
The entrance to the complex was decorated in the form of a colonnade, in front of which there is a monument to G.A. Potemkin-Tavricheski – famous Russian statesman.
Behind the colonnade there are three paths across the territory of the complex: on the left – to the Historical Sector, on the right – to the Foreign Sector. The middle path leads to the Central Cross and the Church of the Icon-Bearing Image of Jesus Christ. This path from the Colonnade to the Cross is the Generals Alley.
Large granite slabs are put on the sides of the path from the colonnade to the Central Cross, forming the Generals Alley. There are 11 monuments to Russian military commanders buried on the territory of the memorial. These are commandants of the Bendery Fortress T.I. Zbievski, Ph.I. Cannabich, M.M. Olshevsky, A.I. Wedemeyer, military engineer E.K. Foerster, builder of military barracks in Tiraspol P.P. Dubelt, Major Generals F.P. Luzanov, N.P. Mikhailov, B.S. Soecki and F.P. Dolgovosaburov, platzmajor of the Bendery Fortress I.I. Batyrev.
On both sides of the chapel there are two largest sectors of the memorial graves. There, in even rows, are plates of polished black granite with the carved names of more than 5,000 soldiers and officers of 110 regiments and units of the Russian Imperial Army, including 21 units of the Bendery garrison.
Besides Russian military graves, there are also graves of soldiers of foreign armies: the French, Hungarians, and Romanians who died in Bendery in the first half of the 20th century.
The stone Chapel of the Icon-Bearing Image of Jesus Christ was built in honor of the non-preserved church of the same name of the 55th Podolsk Infantry Regiment. The chapel became so popular among the residents and guests of the city that the decision of the Holy Synod in 2010 granted it the status of a church.
The granite plates on the walls of the church indicate milestones of the Podolsk regiment’s history. Moreover, there are the names of those who died during the storming of the fortress in 1770, as well as a list of regiments of the Russian Imperial Army, who took part in it.